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From the dawn of human consciousness, dreams have always fascinated us. Do they mean something? Do dreams help us see into the future? These questions have intrigued us for centuries. Sigmund Freud was one of the first people to examine dreams seriously and interpret them in the context of our waking lives. In Dream Psychology: Psychoanalysis for Beginners, the Austrian psychoanalyst, Dr Sigmund Freud shares his exciting early discoveries that there was indeed a connection between his patien ...
 
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Sadler's Lectures

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Sadler's Lectures

Lectures on classic and contemporary philosophical texts and thinkers by Gregory B. Sadler

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I'm that YouTube Philosophy Guy! Find more than 2,000 videos in my main channel. Support my video and podcast work! https://www.patreon.com/sadler or https://www.buymeacoffee.com/A4quYdWoM Learn more about this podcast channel - https://youtu.be/qRvL0gqlyrw and https://medium.com/gregory-b-sadler-ph-d/the-sadlers-lectures-podcast-56e18619c5aa Due to popular demand - and with the work underwritten by my Patreon supporters - I have started converting my videos into MP3 files listeners can list ...
 
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of how the agency of the Ego attempts (generally unsuccessfully) to satisfy the demands and con…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics.Specifically it focuses on his discussion in book 8 about the most paradigmatic but also least common form of friendship (philia) - that oriented by virtue or moral excellence (arete) on the parts of the friends in the relationship…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics.Specifically it focuses on his discussion in book 8 about the type of friendship (philia, in Greek), that is based upon pleasure (to hedon) - either pleasure derived from the other person in some way, or pleasure that is shared in …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics.Specifically it focuses on his discussion in book 8 about one particular kind of "friendship" (philia in Greek), those that are relationships based on "utility", "benefit", or "usefulness - to sumpheron in Greek.To support my ongoi…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics.Specifically it focuses on his discussions of three main types of friendship -- friendship in terms of good character or virtue, which is friendship in the fullest sense -- friendship based on pleasure -- and friendship based on us…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics.Specifically it focuses focuses on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics bk 8 (and 9) discussions of the nature of friendship. Aristotle sets out a number of conditions essential to friendship in any full sense of the term, and we go thro…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of the complicated ways the three main agencies Freud distinguishes - Ego, Super-Ego, and Id - …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of the largely unconscious agency which he terms the "Id" (Es). Freud clarifies a number of asp…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of how the agency of the super-ego develops out of - and to some degree replaces - the parental…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of the agency of the Super-Ego and its relations with conscience and morality.To support my ong…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th and 20th century psychologist, writer, and originator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud's Introductory Lecture number 31, "The Dissection of the Psychical Personality"It focuses specifically on his discussion of the different senses of a key term and concept for psychoanalysis, namely "unconscious". Fre…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, Judith Jarvis Thompson's article "The Trolley Problem"It focuses specifically on her discussion of how adding in villains who create situations of forced choices and make threats would or would not affect the resolution of cases.To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - w…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, Judith Jarvis Thompson's article "The Trolley Problem"It focuses specifically on her reframing of the issues and cases in terms of the concept of a right on the parts of the people affected by the choices of the agents in the cases.To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, Judith Jarvis Thompson's article "The Trolley Problem"It focuses specifically on her discussion of the distinction Philippa Foot makes between killing and letting die. This seems to promise a solution to the "Trolley Problem", namely why it would be all right to kill one in place o…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, Judith Jarvis Thompson's article "The Trolley Problem"It focuses specifically on her discussion of the cases Philippa Foot's earlier and original formulation of the trolley problem (including several other related 1-in-place-of-5 dilemmas) set out, examined, and proposed a solution…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, Judith Jarvis Thompson's article "The Trolley Problem"It focuses specifically on her discussion of the many variant cases she proposes for our consideration. These include the Bystander at the Switch (which is not the original Trolley Driver problem) with its different permutations…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his conception of "passionate doubt", which he distinguishes from a more abstract and theoretical doubt. Passionate doubt engages us existentially and practically.To support my on…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his views on why human beings value knowledge, which is usually not simply for its own sake, but because knowledge is connected with our desires and has its scope within human lif…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on what he means by his claim that "reason is a social product"To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direct contribution, …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his discussion of the responses to the three possible views one can take on human immortality. One of the views is that we die utterly, and we can know that. Another is that we li…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his criticism of Rene Descartes' approach and assumptions in philosophy.To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direct co…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his conception of the relationship between the will, understood in a broad sense to include not just choice but affectivity, and the intellectual or rational capacities of a perso…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on his discussion of the origin of philosophies in the vital needs, desires, and demands of human beings, according to Unamuno. Genuine philosophy is an activity of the entire person…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 20th century philosopher, novelist, playwright, and poet Miguel de Unamuno's book Tragic Sense of LifeIt focuses specifically on discussions of what he means by that term itself, the "tragic sense of life"To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direc…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century philosopher and novelist Leo Tolstoy's book What Is Art?It focuses specifically on his discussion of the notions of the beautiful, true, and good, which were often conflated in his time, and which Tolstoy thought needed to be distinguished from and even opposed to each other.To support my ongoi…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century philosopher and novelist Leo Tolstoy's book What Is Art?It focuses specifically on the definition of Art that he provides in the work, construing it as a means of communion between people.To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direct co…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century philosopher and novelist Leo Tolstoy's book What Is Art?It focuses specifically on his his contention that elite art is not true or genuine art, and the arguments he provides to support his case To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a di…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century philosopher and novelist Leo Tolstoy's book What Is Art?It focuses specifically on his discussion of the scope of what can be considered to be works of art.To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here -…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Blaise Pascal's Pensees, section 332, in which he reflects upon the nature of tyranny, which he interprets as demanding what is not one's due. This is often the case for people who are outstanding in one respect, and who unjustly demand respect or priority on some other grounds.You can get Pa…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Ursula K Leguin's essay "Telling The Truth", found in her book The Language of the Night. She discusses how writers draw upon experience, and how being open or closed to experience offers a richness or poverty to the person. She also discusses the adage "write what you know", and interprets i…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Plutarch's work On Contentment, where he tells us that while we often do not choose the situations and conditions we are placed in, we do have choices about how we deal with them, and whether we make good use of them or notYou can get Plutarch's On Contentment here - https://amzn.to/3mJssqcTh…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Epictetus' Discourses book 3, chapter 21, in which he tells us we need to digest, rather than regurgitate our principles by making them part of our consistent way of living You can get Epictetus' Discourses here - https://amzn.to/3wvQSXnThe faint music in the background is Mesmerize by Kevin …
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Seneca's On Tranquility of Mind, where he suggests that instead of crying or being upset with the people and events of the world, we can laugh, or even neither laugh nor cry about but simply accept mattersYou can get Epictetus' Enchiridion here - https://amzn.to/3wvQSXnThe faint music in the …
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Epictetus' Enchiridion, chapter 29, in which he advises us, before starting on some complex or difficult matter, to consider what it requires and whether we are really up for doing itYou can get Epictetus' Enchiridion here - https://amzn.to/3wvQSXnThe faint music in the background is Mesmeriz…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Seneca's On Tranquility of Mind, in which he suggests that we do not need too many books, but instead should get as much out of the books we do have.You can get Seneca's On Tranquility of Mind here - https://amzn.to/3zNU1mFThe faint music in the background is Mesmerize by Kevin MacLeod, licen…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Blaise Pascal's Pensees, section 386, in which he muses about the difference between waking and dreaming, and what it would be like for us if we dreamed consistently the same thing. This has significant implications for us in our present environment, in which we can arrange and choose to have…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Epictetus' Enchiridion chapter 43, in which he suggests that we learn to pick up the things we need to bear by the right handle, not the wrong oneYou can get Epictetus' Enchiridion here - https://amzn.to/3wvQSXnThe faint music in the background is Mesmerize by Kevin MacLeod, licensed under a …
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Rene Descartes' Discourse on Method part 2, in which - although he himself will describe and employ a method of hyperbolic doubt in the work - he suggests that most people should not engage in such a project of doubting everything, and explains why.You can get Rene Descartes' Discourse on Met…
 
This is a short reflection on an insightful passage from Seneca's On The Shortness of Life, in which he points out to us that by studying philosophy, we connect ourselves to some of the most intelligent and insightful people of the past.You can get Seneca's On The Shortness of Life here - https://amzn.to/3zNU1mFThe faint music in the background is …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his advocacy and argument running throughout chapter 3 for the development and cultivation of what he calls "individuality". To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd l…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his discussion of what he calls the "Calvinist theory" about human nature, God's will, and individuality. He criticizes the repression of the development of human faculties and capacitiesTo support my ongoing …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his discussion of what value he thinks there are to people of "genius", which involves examining what genius actually consists in. He also advocates for more open and free societies in which genius can develop…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his discussions in chapter 3 bearing upon what individuality extends to and encompasses, which turns out to be all of the faculties and capacities of a human being To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on one of Mills' lines of argument about why opinions should not be silenced or suppressed. This one has to do with the ways in which accepted truths are held. Without some opposition or contrast, he claims, they…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on some claims that, while expression of opinion should not be limited or restricted, the ways or manners in which people express those opinions should remain within "temperate" or "civil" bounds.To support my on…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his discussion of what he calls "one-sidedness" with respect to truth. In his view, because positions or perspectives rarely encompass the entire truth, it is useful from a utilitarian perspective to give oppo…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on one of the central conceptions of the book, set out in chapter 1 - the Harm Principle. This ethical or moral principle asserts that the only reason coercive force may be legitimately brought to bear upon a per…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically on his arguments for why silencing opinions in society is bad from a utilitarian perspective. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadlerIf you'd like to make a direct contribution,…
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically his argument that permitting free discussion and expression of opinions can be understood in terms of overall utility rather than abstract principles of right. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - …
 
This lecture discusses key ideas from the 19th century Utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill's work, On LibertyIt focuses specifically his discussion of the three domains or areas of personal liberty or freedom his argument applies to. These are one's inward consciousness, which extends to expression, including speech and publication; lifestyle;…
 
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